(click to enlarge image)
Notice this locomotive is labelled "James Callanan".
Des Moines & Minnesota No. 3, an ungainly Danforth 2-6-0 of 1875, bore
the name of the railroad's president, James Callanan.
(image from the Thomas T. Taber collection, Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania)
In addition to his business interests, Callanan
was interested in education. He was a liberal giver to The Home
for the Aged, Penn College in Oskaloosa, and was president
of the Iowa Humane Society. He donated land to Mercy
Hospital which was later sold to the Des Moines Schools. Callanan
Junior High was named for him. It is now called Callanan Middle School.
He also founded a normal College, then Callanan Normal College. After
a fire destroyed part of the building, the college was moved to Drake University,
to which he was also a donor. Eventually, Callanan Normal College
became the College of Education of Drake. James Callanan also
was important for his donations for the start of Iowa Methodist Hospital.
Mr. Callanan died in Des Moines in 1904. Read
news articles about James Callanan, the man whose name was used for
the first platted town in southeast Hamilton County.
(This news article may be enlarged with a click - it
is also written below:)
Callanan - A Town Forgotten
In early 1878, the four townships in the
southeast part of Hamilton County, Lyon, Lincoln, Ellsworth and Scott,
voted themselves a 5% tax to induce a railroad to come to their area.
The stipulation they made was that any railroad must pass within a mile
of the intersection of the four townships.
About this time, a Des Moines businessman,
investor, and banker James Callanan, was building a narrow gauge railroad
north from Des Moines. He was the president of the Des Moines and
Minneapolis Railroad. His railroad had already entered Ames, so he
was persuaded to extend his line to the area. He selected a site
for the depot which was only one-half mile west of the intersection.
The town was to be named Lakin, for Luther Lakin, but the townspeople chose
to name the town Callanan to honor the president of the railroad.
was located exactly three miles south of Lakin's Grove.
James Callanan was an important person in
Des Moines. He was born in Albany Co., New York, in 1820.
He was admitted to the bar in 1847 and practiced law in Albany.
In 1857 he came to Des Moines and founded a co-partnership with Col. Ingham
and opened a banking house called Callanan and Ingham.
The railroad produced a time-table which
announced two trains daily, one arriving and one departing from Callanan.
Tracks forming a Y west of town (atop the hill on the west side of the
Skunk River) allowed the train to turn around. The 1880 map with
shows the four townships and the location of Callanan, the Y, and Lakins'
Grove. Jewell Junction and Ellsworth did not exist at this
time, but the Randall Post Office did exist. The "Freeman"
of May 29, 1878 announced Callanan, the station on the DM & M RR at
the Four Corners, is improving quite rapidly at present. The town
had been platted just a month earlier in April, 1878. The plat consisted
of four blocks with north-south streets named River, Main, Everitt, Scott,
and Lyon. The only east-west street was named Lincoln.
The Callanan post office was opened on April 10, 1878 with David
W. Schoonmaker as the postmaster. He was also the depot agent,
and the mail was kept in the depot. A dispute about the post
office was written in the "Herald", the Callanan newspaper of Dec.
14, 1878. The editor, Frank H. Bell, complained that Lakin's
Grove lost its post office because Schoonmaker held up all mail from Lakin's
Grove to increase the count mailed from Callanan. This dispute
continued between Bell and Schoonmaker. The Herald reported that
when a subscriber asked Schoonmaker if the Herald was played out.
He replied, "No, but it ought to be."
The "Freeman" of May 29, 1878, continued describing this new
town, "It already has a hardware store with S. J Palmer, proprietor,
two dry goods stores operated by W. A. Richards and Bros., and S. G. Johnson,
a shoe store, a hotel under construction, and that sure follower of the
track of civilization, a saloon."
If you cannot read this sign, click on the image to see a clearer
(enlarge with a click - or read below:)
It also reported that 16 carloads of grain
and stock were shipped from Callanan, and five carloads of merchansdise
were shipped in during one week. The trains came north on the west
side of the Skunk River, then crossed the river, and ran up a slope to
the town. Sometimes the engineer did not have enough speed, and the
loaded train could not make the grade. Then the engineer backed down
a long way and made another run at higher speed.
At its highest point, Callanan numbered
about 200 people. The business register showed two surgeons, several
contractors, a hotel, a boarding house, three painters, a hardware store,
a drug store, two dry goods stores, a pool hall, a barber shop, a brickyard,
a blacksmith shop, a carriage and wagon shop, and a meat market.
Charles Lakin was the town barber. He ran the pool hall in
the same location and also sold coal, hair, lime, and farm machinery.
On June 26, 1878, "Freeman" reported
on the planned celebration of a "Regular Seventy-Six time in this little
city of the 4th of July." The "Freeman" turned out the
flyers which announced "the program of the occasion - wich will be made
up of cannon firing at daybreak, orations by speakers from abroad, balloon
ascension at 3 in the afternoon, and a display of fire works in the evening.
A Des Moines brass band will furnish the music. A basket dinner,
toasts, responese, ball playing, foot racing, callathumpian displays, concluding
with dancing in the evening."
This same paper announced that Callanan
had erected fully a dozen buildings and has cellars and foundations laid
for a hotel and three more residences. The article ended with the
editor stating, "Callanan will be one of the most important little towns
in the county."
The little narrow gauge line was the means
of bringing many excursion parties from Ames and Des Moines for a weekend
of partying and drinking in the beautiful wooded area. Every mention
of the town gives an indication that liquor flowed freely at all times,
and when some sober citizens expressed concern for the future of their
town, the residents were quickly told that this was good for business and
the future prosperity of the town. This atmosphere contributed to
two murders being committed during the very short life of the town.
A shooting ws reported in the "Freemen"
on July 8, 1879. The shooting took place at the 4th of July celebrations.
As the train was pulling out of the depot, John Anderson thrust his hand
out of the car window and fired two shots into the crowd on the platform.
Both balls struck Jacob Hank, who was standing in the crowd, one hitting
him in the groin and the other in his leg. Justice Black, of Callanan,
conducted a hearing, and Anderson was held on bond of $2,000 for the Grand
Jury. The general belief was that Anderson had been drinking freely
during the day, drew his revolver and dired it without stopping to see
where it was pointed.
The Des Moines & Minneapolis
Railroad when into bankruptcy, and all effors to continue the line
north ceased. The Toledo and North Western Railroad took over
the bankrupt line and on May 28, 1879 it was reported that C. C. Whitten,
Esq., of Toledo, Iowa was in Webster city. He was the right-of-way
agent of the Toledo & North Western. He reported
that everything was favorable for an extension of the line to Webster City.
By May of 1880, the line was opened to Ellsworth and Jewell Junction.
The narrow gauge track was replaced with standard gauge track for the entire
way. (Tracks for the narrow gauge were set 3 foot apart and was a
cheaper way to lay out a railroad.) The engine and cars were smaller.
Standard gauge had tracks that were 4 foot, 8 and one-half inches wide.
It was later learned that the Toledo & North Western Railroad
was really a front for the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad.
This line bypassed Callanan, which rapidly declined in importance.
Most of the residents moved to Ellsworth or Jewell Junction. The
town of Kamrar was laid out and the train came into Webster City of December
In addition to his business
interests, James Callanan was interested in education. He was
a liberal giver to The Home for the Aged, Penn College in
Oskaloosa, and was president of the Iowa Humane Society. He
donated land to Methodist Hospital, which was later sold to the
Des Moines Schools. Callanan Junior High was named for
him. It is now called Callanan Middle School.
He also founded a normal college where teachers were trained. It
was first called Callanan College, then Callanan Normal College.
After a fire detroyed part of the building, the collge was moved to Drake
University, to which he was also a donor. Eventually, the Callanan
Normal College became the College of Education of Drake.
Mr. James Callanan died in Des Moines in 1904.
(This was printed in the Freeman Journal and the text is
no longer found at this address:
The settlement of Callanan was located near today's intersection
of Tollman Avenue and 340th Street.
Today, two signs mark that corner where Callanan once existed.
Directly North across the 340th is where North Callanan would have been.
Today, the Skunk River in the Callanan area has a bridge across the
Skunk River. However, this Skunk River bridge was not the railroad
bridge crossing the river so that trains could go up the hill, cross Tollman
Avenue, and be at the Callanan depot.
The grade up the hill was steep enough that as the train
crossed the river to approach Callanan, the engineer needed to head around
the turn and go up the hill at full throttle. If the attempt was
not successful, the train wuld have to back down and make another run.
The Ellsworth depot is not the only surviving relic of Callanan.
Read the next page to find why more Callanan materials still survive
Next Callanan Page (4)